DOI: 10.3390/horticulturae9090985 ISSN:

Alternative Integrated Weed Management Options for Clopyralid-Resistant Common Ragweed

Greta Gallina, Bert Cregg, Eric Patterson, Erin Hill, Debalina Saha
  • Horticulture
  • Plant Science

Common ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia L.) is an extremely competitive broadleaved summer annual weed found in Christmas tree production systems within Michigan. Common ragweed has been reported to have resistance to glyphosate, PSII inhibitors, PPO inhibitors, and ALS herbicides. There have been reports from Michigan Christmas tree growers of common ragweed resistance to clopyralid, a synthetic auxin herbicide, in Montcalm County, Michigan. The objective of this study was to test alternative post-emergence herbicide combinations and organic mulch on clopyralid-resistant common ragweed for weed control efficacy. The following two stages of common ragweed were used: stage 1 (6–9 leaves) and stage 2 (12–14 leaves). For common ragweed in stage 1 in 2021 and 2022, as well as stage 2 in 2022, at all evaluation dates, mulch + clopyralid + oxyfluorfen provided the highest level of weed control. For stage 1 in 2022, this treatment combination provided 100% control from 2 weeks after treatment (WAT) and always showed better or equal weed control compared to all the other treatments. The combination of mulch + clopyralid + glyphosate provided 100% control by 2 WAT when plants were treated at stage 2 in 2022. For the plants treated at stage 1 in 2022, many of the treatments reached a fresh weight of 0 g, but in 2021, those same treatments resulted in a fresh weight of around 20 g. Based on fresh weight, the greatest plant growth occurred with glyphosate treatment in 2021 and clopyralid and mulch alone in 2022. This is likely due to common ragweed’s resistance to these herbicides.

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