DOI: 10.3390/genes15030359 ISSN: 2073-4425

Transcriptome Analysis of miRNA and mRNA in Porcine Skeletal Muscle following Glaesserella parasuis Challenge

Huanhuan Zhou, Xuexue Chen, Xiangwei Deng, Xiaoyu Zhang, Xinqi Zeng, Ke Xu, Hongbo Chen
  • Genetics (clinical)
  • Genetics

Glaesserella parasuis (G. parasuis) causes systemic infection in pigs, but its effects on skeletal muscle and underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. We investigated G. parasuis infection in colostrum-deprived piglets, observing decreased daily weight gain and upregulation of inflammatory factors in skeletal muscle. Muscle fiber area and diameter were significantly reduced in the treated group (n = 3) compared to the control group (n = 3), accompanied by increased expression of FOXO1, FBXO32, TRIM63, CTSL, and BNIP3. Based on mRNA and microRNA (miRNA) sequencing, we identified 1642 differentially expressed (DE) mRNAs and 19 known DE miRNAs in skeletal muscle tissues between the two groups. We predicted target genes with opposite expression patterns to the 19 miRNAs and found significant enrichment and activation of the FoxO signaling pathway. We found that the upregulated core effectors FOXO1 and FOXO4 were targeted by downregulated ssc-miR-486, ssc-miR-370, ssc-miR-615, and ssc-miR-224. Further investigation showed that their downstream upregulated genes involved in protein degradation were also targeted by the downregulated ssc-miR-370, ssc-miR-615, ssc-miR-194a-5p, and ssc-miR-194b-5p. These findings suggest that G. parasuis infection causes skeletal muscle atrophy in piglets through accelerated protein degradation mediated by the “miRNAs-FOXO1/4” axis, while further research is necessary to validate the regulatory relationships. Our results provide new insights into the understanding of systemic inflammation growth mechanisms caused by G. parasuis and the role of miRNAs in bacterial infection pathogenesis.

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