Sofie Van Dorpe, Philippe Tummers, Hannelore Denys, An Hendrix

Towards the Clinical Implementation of Extracellular Vesicle-Based Biomarker Assays for Cancer

  • Biochemistry (medical)
  • Clinical Biochemistry

Abstract Background Substantial research has been devoted to elucidating the role of extracellular vesicles (EVs) in the different hallmarks of cancer. Consequently, EVs are increasingly explored as a source of cancer biomarkers in body fluids. However, the heterogeneity in EVs, the complexity of body fluids, and the diversity in methods available for EV analysis, challenge the development and translation of EV-based biomarker assays. Content Essential steps in EV-associated biomarker development are emphasized covering biobanking, biomarker discovery, verification and validation, and clinical implementation. A meticulous study design is essential and ideally results from close interactions between clinicians and EV researchers. A plethora of different EV preparation protocols exists which warrants quality control and transparency to ensure reproducibility and thus enable verification of EV-associated biomarker candidates identified in the discovery phase in subsequent independent cohorts. The development of an EV-associated biomarker assay requires thorough analytical and clinical validation. Finally, regulatory affairs must be considered for clinical implementation of EV-based biomarker assays. Summary In this review, the current challenges that prevent us from exploiting the full potential of EV-based biomarker assays are identified. Guidelines and tools to overcome these hurdles are highlighted and are crucial to advance EV-based biomarker assays into clinical use.

Need a simple solution for managing your BibTeX entries? Explore CiteDrive!

  • Web-based, modern reference management
  • Collaborate and share with fellow researchers
  • Integration with Overleaf
  • Comprehensive BibTeX/BibLaTeX support
  • Save articles and websites directly from your browser
  • Search for new articles from a database of tens of millions of references
Try out CiteDrive

More from our Archive