Fateen Ata

Atrioventricular block in patients with hyperthyroidism: a narrative review

  • Biochemistry (medical)
  • Cell Biology
  • Biochemistry
  • General Medicine

Atrioventricular block (AVB) is a rare cardiac manifestation of hyperthyroidism (HTH). The scientific literature contains multiple reports of AVB in patients with HTH, ranging from subclinical to overt HTH and even thyroid storm. However, much remains unknown about the true prevalence, clinical course, optimal management, and outcomes of AVB in patients with HTH. Such patients are possibly overtreated with pacemakers because of a lack of understanding that AVB might be secondary to the hyperthyroid state and thus reversible. This narrative review discusses the pathophysiology of AVB in patients with HTH in the context of the available evidence.

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