DOI: 10.1111/bcpt.13981 ISSN: 1742-7835

The role of ATP‐binding cassette transporter G1 (ABCG1) in Alzheimer's disease: A review of the mechanisms

Mohsen Karbasi Yazdi, Mohaddeseh Sadat Alavi, Ali Roohbakhsh
  • Pharmacology
  • Toxicology
  • General Medicine


The maintenance of cholesterol homeostasis is essential for central nervous system function. Consequently, factors that affect cholesterol homeostasis are linked to neurological disorders and pathologies. Among them, ATP‐binding cassette transporter G1 (ABCG1) plays a significant role in atherosclerosis. However, its role in Alzheimer's disease (AD) is unclear. There is inconsistent information regarding ABCG1's role in AD. It can increase or decrease amyloid β (Aβ) levels in animals' brains. Clinical studies show that ABCG1 is involved in AD patients' impairment of cholesterol efflux capacity (CEC) in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Lower Aβ levels in the CSF are correlated with ABCG1‐mediated CEC dysfunction. ABCG1 modulates α‐, β‐, and γ‐secretase activities in the plasma membrane and may affect Aβ production in the mitochondria‐associated endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane (MAM) cell compartment. Despite contradictory findings regarding ABCG1's role in AD, this review shows that ABCG1 has a role in Aβ generation via modulation of membrane secretases. It is, however, necessary to investigate the underlying mechanism(s). ABCG1 may also contribute to AD pathology through its role in apoptosis and oxidative stress. As a result, ABCG1 plays a role in AD and is a candidate for drug development.

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