DOI: 10.3390/transplantology4040022 ISSN: 2673-3943

The Impact of Quadriceps Muscle Layer Thickness on Length of Stay of Patients Listed for Renal Transplant

Max Levine, Patrick Luke, Alp Sener, Heather Resvick, Stephanie Braga, Taralynn St. Kitts, Sarah De Marinis, Janet Madill
  • Transplantation

Background: Quadriceps muscle layer thickness (QMLT), which is measured using ultrasound, is an emerging strategy to identify sarcopenia. Purpose: The purpose of the study was to assess whether pre-operative QMLT values are associated with a prolonged length of stay (LOS; defined as >14 days) following a renal transplant. Methods: Between March 2019 and January 2020, we performed a prospective study among patients undergoing renal transplantation. Physical Frailty scores and QMLT measurements were performed pre-operatively. The primary outcome was a greater LOS following transplant. Secondary outcomes included complications and renal function. Statistical analysis: Percentiles divided patients into two categories of QMLT (low and high). Continuous outcomes were compared using a two-sided t-test or Mann–Whitney U test, and Chi-square analysis and Fisher exact testing were used for nominal variables. Results: Of 79 patients, the frailty prevalence was 16%. Among patients with low and higher QMLTs, LOS of >14 days were 21% vs. 3% [p = 0.04], respectively. Demographically, there was a higher percentage of patients with living donors in the high- vs. low-QMLT groups (40 vs. 7%). However, in a subgroup analysis excluding living-donor recipients, the difference between groups was preserved (23% vs. 0%, p = 0.01). No differences in secondary outcomes were seen between groups. Conclusions: Low quadriceps muscle layer thickness may be associated with a prolonged length of stay for renal recipients. Further research is needed to confirm our findings.

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