DOI: 10.1029/2023jd039877 ISSN: 2169-897X

The Evolutions and Large‐Scale Mechanisms of Summer Stratospheric Ozone Intrusion Across Global Hotspots

J. Lee, Y. Wu, X. Wang
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Geophysics


Stratospheric ozone intrusions can have a significant impact on regional near‐surface ozone levels. Especially in summer, intrusions can contribute to extreme ozone events because of preexisting high ozone levels near the surface and cause serious health issues. Considering the increasing trend of surface ozone level, an understanding of stratospheric ozone intrusion is necessary. From a 19‐year Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model, version 6 simulation and a stratospheric origin ozone tracer, we identify the global hotspots of stratospheric intrusions based on extreme tracer concentrations near the surface: North America, Africa, the Mediterranean, and the Middle East. We investigate the common underlying large‐scale mechanisms of the stratospheric intrusions over the identified hotspots from the lower stratosphere to the lower troposphere. From the trajectory analysis, we find that the upper‐level jet drives isentropic mixing near the jet axis and initiates stratospheric ozone intrusion. Subsequently, climatological descent at the lower troposphere brings the ozone down to the surface, which explains the spatial preference of summertime stratospheric intrusion events.

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