DOI: 10.1093/mnrasl/slad201 ISSN: 1745-3925

Multiwavelength detection of an ongoing FUOr-type outburst on a low-mass YSO

Zhen Guo, P W Lucas, R G Kurtev, J Borissova, Vardan Elbakyan, C Morris, A Bayo, L Smith, A Caratti o Garatti, C Contreras Peña, D Minniti, J Jose, M Ashraf, J Alonso-García, N Miller, H D S Muthu
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics


During the pre-main-sequence evolution, Young Stellar Objects (YSOs) assemble most of their mass during the episodic accretion process. The rarely seen FUOr-type events are valuable laboratories to investigate the outbursting nature of YSOs. Here, we present multiwavelength detection of a high-amplitude eruptive source in the young open cluster VdBH 221 with an ongoing outburst, including optical to mid-infrared time series and near-infrared spectra. The initial outburst has an exceptional amplitude of >6.3 mag in Gaia and 4.6 mag in Ks, with a peak luminosity up to 16 L⊙ and a peak mass accretion rate of 1.4 × 10−5 M⊙ yr−1. The optical to infrared spectral energy distribution of this object is consistent with a low-mass star (0.2 M⊙) with a modest extinction (AV < 2 mag). A 100-d delay between optical and infrared rising stages is detected, suggesting an outside-in origin of the instability. The spectroscopic features of this object reveal a self-luminous accretion disc, very similar to FU Orionis, with a low line-of-sight extinction. Most recently, there has been a gradual increase in brightness throughout the wavelength range, possibly suggesting an enhancement of the mass accretion rate.

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