DOI: 10.3390/rs15174180 ISSN:

Super-Resolution Reconstruction of Remote Sensing Data Based on Multiple Satellite Sources for Forest Fire Smoke Segmentation

Haotian Liang, Change Zheng, Xiaodong Liu, Ye Tian, Jianzhong Zhang, Wenbin Cui
  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences

Forest fires are one of the most devastating natural disasters, and technologies based on remote sensing satellite data for fire prevention and control have developed rapidly in recent years. Early forest fire smoke in remote sensing images, on the other hand, is thin and tiny in area, making it difficult to detect. Satellites with high spatial resolution sensors can collect high-resolution photographs of smoke, however the impact of the satellite’s repeat access time to the same area means that forest fire smoke cannot be detected in time. Because of their low spatial resolution, photos taken by satellites with shorter return durations cannot capture small regions of smoke. This paper presents an early smoke detection method for forest fires that combines a super-resolution reconstruction network and a smoke segmentation network to address these issues. First, a high-resolution remote sensing multispectral picture dataset of forest fire smoke was created, which included diverse years, seasons, areas, and land coverings. The rebuilt high-resolution images were then obtained using a super-resolution reconstruction network. To eliminate data redundancy and enhance recognition accuracy, it was determined experimentally that the M11 band (2225–2275 nm) is more sensitive to perform smoke segmentation in VIIRS images. Furthermore, it has been demonstrated experimentally that improving the accuracy of reconstructed images is more effective than improving perceptual quality for smoke recognition. The final results of the super-resolution image segmentation experiment conducted in this paper show that the smoke segmentation results have a similarity coefficient of 0.742 to the segmentation results obtained using high-resolution satellite images, indicating that our method can effectively segment smoke pixels in low-resolution remote sensing images and provide early warning of forest fires.

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