Carla Libia Corrado, Giuseppe Micali, Antonio Mauceri, Sabrina Bertin, Francesco Sunseri, Maria Rosa Abenavoli, Antonio Tiberini

Study on Italian Onion Cultivars/Ecotypes towards Onion Yellow Dwarf Virus (OYDV) Infection

  • Horticulture
  • Plant Science

The onion yellow dwarf virus (OYDV) represents a limiting biotic stress in onion (Allium cepa L.); little information is available regarding resistant varieties. In Italy, onion production is limited but represented by a wide diversity of ecotypes. A two-year trial was carried out to test the OYDV-susceptibility/tolerance of different Italian onion cultivars by rating symptom severity and plant growth parameters and assessing post-harvest secondary infections. The cultivar and ecotypes included in the study were characterized by simple sequence repeats (SSR) analysis, and the expression analysis of two genes (Eukaryotic translation initiation factors, EIFs) involved in potyvirus replication was also performed. Two susceptible and one tolerant cultivar were identified based on symptom expression and virus impact on plants. Although differences in growth parameters were limited to the first-year trial, the infection was correlated to a higher incidence of secondary infections in post-harvest, with altered water balance in infected bulbs. This correlation was also demonstrated during the long-term storage of bulbs. SSR analysis identified different clusters and only one gene isoform (EIF4eiso1) showed different expression levels in the OYDV/onion pathosystem. In conclusion, this study defines the genetic profile of Italian onion cultivars and provides evidence on susceptibility/tolerance features which will be useful in the future for the identification of viral resistance traits in onion.

Need a simple solution for managing your BibTeX entries? Explore CiteDrive!

  • Web-based, modern reference management
  • Collaborate and share with fellow researchers
  • Integration with Overleaf
  • Comprehensive BibTeX/BibLaTeX support
  • Save articles and websites directly from your browser
  • Search for new articles from a database of tens of millions of references
Try out CiteDrive

More from our Archive