DOI: 10.3390/sym16030342 ISSN: 2073-8994

Stereoselective Syntheses of Organophosphorus Compounds

Oleg I. Kolodiazhnyi, Anastasy O. Kolodiazhna
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)
  • General Mathematics
  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)
  • Computer Science (miscellaneous)

The review is devoted to the theoretical and synthetic aspects of the stereochemistry of organophosphorus compounds. Organophosphorus compounds are not only widely exist in biologically active pharmaceuticals and agrochemicals, but also have widespread applications in material science and organic synthesis as ligands for transition metal complexes. One of the mainstreams for the development in this field is the creation of biologically active organophosphorus compounds that are searched and used as drugs or plant-protecting agents, which leads to the elaboration of advanced methods and monitoring, yielding up-to-date approaches to perform synthesis in an environmentally friendly manner. The review consists of two parts. The first part presents methods for the asymmetric synthesis of organophosphorus compounds using asymmetric organocatalysis and metal complex catalysis. In the review is described the nature of the chirality generation in the prebiotic period, the mechanisms of asymmetric induction, and double stereodifferentiation are discussed. The use of these methods for the preparation of chiral phosphorus analogs of natural compounds (phosphono-isonorstatin, phosphono-GABOB, phosphacarnitine, bis-phosphonates, and others) is described. Some data concerning of λ5-phosphanediones as metaphosphate anion analogues are also reported. The second part of the presented review shows examples of the use of these methods for the synthesis of phosphorus analogues of natural compounds—chiral phosphonoamino acids and hydroxyphosphonates: phosphonoaspartic acid, phosphonoglutamic acid, phosphonohomoproline, chiral bis-phosphonates. The reaction of dehydration aromatization with the formation of pho sphono isoindolinones, including isoindolinone bis-phosphonates, has been studied. Some of the synthesized compounds showed biological activity as protein tyrosine phosphatase inhibitors. A phosphonic analogue of iso-norstatine was synthesized. A stereoselective method for the synthesis of tetradecapentaenoic acid derivatives was developed.

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