DOI: 10.22331/q-2024-03-13-1277 ISSN: 2521-327X

Emergent parallel transport and curvature in Hermitian and non-Hermitian quantum mechanics

Chia-Yi Ju, Adam Miranowicz, Yueh-Nan Chen, Guang-Yin Chen, Franco Nori
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Studies have shown that the Hilbert spaces of non-Hermitian systems require nontrivial metrics. Here, we demonstrate how evolution dimensions, in addition to time, can emerge naturally from a geometric formalism. Specifically, in this formalism, Hamiltonians can be interpreted as a Christoffel symbol-like operators, and the Schroedinger equation as a parallel transport in this formalism. We then derive the evolution equations for the states and metrics along the emergent dimensions and find that the curvature of the Hilbert space bundle for any given closed system is locally flat. Finally, we show that the fidelity susceptibilities and the Berry curvatures of states are related to these emergent parallel transports.

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