Jiuyang Liu, Shuran Li, Qin Wang, Yingcai Feng, Haimei Xing, Xeufei Yang, Ying Guo, Yunhang Guo, Hanzi Sun, Xiaoxin Liu, Shasha Yang, Zhu Mei, Yutong Zhu, Zhenzhen Cheng, Shuaishuai Chen, Min Xu, Wenjing Zhang, Nanyan Wan, Jia Wang, Yanwen Ma, Shuo Zhang, Xudong Luan, Aiying Xu, Lin Li, Haitao Wang, Xiaolong Yang, Yuan Hong, Hai Xue, Xi Yuan, Nan Hu, Xiaomin Song, Zhiwei Wang, Xuesong Liu, Lai Wang, Ye Liu

Sonrotoclax overcomes BCL2 G101V mutation-induced venetoclax resistance in preclinical models of hematologic malignancy

  • Cell Biology
  • Hematology
  • Immunology
  • Biochemistry

Venetoclax, the first-generation inhibitor of the apoptosis regulator B-cell lymphoma 2 (BCL2), disrupts the interaction between BCL2 and pro-apoptotic proteins, promoting the apoptosis in malignant cells. Venetoclax is the mainstay of therapy for relapsed chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and is under investigation in multiple clinical trials for the treatment of various cancers. Although venetoclax treatment can result in high rates of durable remission, relapse has been widely observed, indicating the emergence of drug resistance. The G101V mutation in BCL2 is frequently observed in relapsed patients treated with venetoclax and sufficient to confer resistance to venetoclax by interfering with compound binding. Therefore, the development of next-generation BCL2 inhibitors to overcome drug resistance is urgently needed. Herein, we discovered sonrotoclax, a potent and selective BCL2 inhibitor, demonstrates stronger cytotoxic activity in various hematological cancer cells and more profound tumor growth inhibition in multiple hematological tumor models compared to venetoclax. Notably, sonrotoclax effectively inhibits venetoclax-resistant BCL2 variants, such as G101V. The crystal structures of wild-type (WT) BCL2/BCL2 G101V in complex with sonrotoclax revealed that sonrotoclax adopts a novel binding mode within the P2 pocket of BCL2 and could explain why sonrotoclax maintains stronger potency than venetoclax against the G101V mutant. In summary, sonrotoclax emerges as a potential second-generation BCL2 inhibitor for the treatment of hematologic malignancies with the potential to overcome BCL2 mutation-induced venetoclax resistance. Sonrotoclax is currently under investigation in multiple clinical trials.

Need a simple solution for managing your BibTeX entries? Explore CiteDrive!

  • Web-based, modern reference management
  • Collaborate and share with fellow researchers
  • Integration with Overleaf
  • Comprehensive BibTeX/BibLaTeX support
  • Save articles and websites directly from your browser
  • Search for new articles from a database of tens of millions of references
Try out CiteDrive

More from our Archive