DOI: 10.3390/encyclopedia3030075 ISSN:

Social Cohesion: Definitions, Causes and Consequences

Louis Moustakas
  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences
  • General Environmental Science

Viewed as the glue that binds societies, social cohesion is considered an essential ingredient to address common societal challenges. Definitions and associated conceptual frameworks usually summarise social cohesion as collective attributes and behaviours characterised by positive social relations, a sense of identification or belonging, and an orientation towards the common good. However, there are a large variety of definitions, and disagreement exists about what constitutes the core components, causes and consequences of social cohesion.

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