DOI: 10.3390/biomedicines11082328 ISSN:

Single-Cell RNA Sequencing and Microarray Analysis Reveal the Role of Lipid-Metabolism-Related Genes and Cellular Immune Infiltration in Pre-Eclampsia and Identify Novel Biomarkers for Pre-Eclampsia

Yujie Liu, Borui Xu, Cuifang Fan
  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

Pre-eclampsia (PE) is a gestational hypertensive disorder that is characterized by hypertension and proteinuria, typically occurring after 20 weeks of gestation. Despite its global impact on pregnant women, the precise pathogenic mechanisms of PE remain unclear. Dysregulated lipid metabolism and immune cell infiltration contribute to PE development. Our study aimed to identify lipid-metabolism-related genes (LMRG-PEs) and investigate their association with immune infiltration. We utilized the “Seurat” R package for data quality control, cell clustering, and marker gene identification. The “SingleR” package enabled the matching of marker genes to specific cell types. Pseudotemporal ordering analysis was conducted using the “Monocle” package. Weighted correlation network analysis (WGCNA), gene set variation analysis (GSVA), and gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) approaches were employed to explore lipid-metabolism-related genes, while potential targeted drugs were predicted using the drug–gene interaction database (DGIdb). Hub gene expression was validated through RT–qPCR. By analyzing single-cell RNA sequencing data, we identified and classified 20 cell clusters into 5 distinct types. Differential gene expression analysis revealed 186 DEGs. WGCNA identified 9 critical modules and 265 genes significantly associated with PE diagnosis, emphasizing the importance of the core genes PLA2G7 and PTGS2. RT–qPCR confirmed the significantly decreased expression of PLA2G7 and PTGS2 in PE patient tissues. These findings offer valuable insights into the molecular mechanisms of PE, particularly those involving lipid metabolism and immune infiltration. The identified hub genes have potential as therapeutic targets and biomarkers for future research and clinical applications.

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