DOI: 10.3390/genes14091698 ISSN:

Seasonal Developing Xylem Transcriptome Analysis of Pinus densiflora Unveils Novel Insights for Compression Wood Formation

Thi Thu Tram Nguyen, Min-Ha Kim, Eung-Jun Park, Hyoshin Lee, Jae-Heung Ko
  • Genetics (clinical)
  • Genetics

Wood is the most important renewable resource not only for numerous practical utilizations but also for mitigating the global climate crisis by sequestering atmospheric carbon dioxide. The compressed wood (CW) of gymnosperms, such as conifers, plays a pivotal role in determining the structure of the tree through the reorientation of stems displaced by environmental forces and is characterized by a high content of lignin. Despite extensive studies on many genes involved in wood formation, the molecular mechanisms underlying seasonal and, particularly, CW formation remain unclear. This study examined the seasonal dynamics of two wood tissue types in Pinus densiflora: CW and opposite wood (OW). RNA sequencing of developing xylem for two consecutive years revealed comprehensive transcriptome changes and unique differences in CW and OW across seasons. During growth periods, such as spring and summer, we identified 2255 transcripts with differential expression in CW, with an upregulation in lignin biosynthesis genes and significant downregulation in stress response genes. Notably, among the laccases critical for monolignol polymerization, PdeLAC17 was found to be specifically expressed in CW, suggesting its vital role in CW formation. PdeERF4, an ERF transcription factor preferentially expressed in CW, seems to regulate PdeLAC17 activity. This research provides an initial insight into the transcriptional regulation of seasonal CW development in P. densiflora, forming a foundation for future studies to enhance our comprehension of wood formation in gymnosperms.

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