DOI: 10.3390/rs15174297 ISSN:

Sat-Mesh: Learning Neural Implicit Surfaces for Multi-View Satellite Reconstruction

Yingjie Qu, Fei Deng
  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences

Automatic reconstruction of surfaces from satellite imagery is a hot topic in computer vision and photogrammetry. State-of-the-art reconstruction methods typically produce 2.5D elevation data. In contrast, we propose a one-stage method directly generating a 3D mesh model from multi-view satellite imagery. We introduce a novel Sat-Mesh approach for satellite implicit surface reconstruction: We represent the scene as a continuous signed distance function (SDF) and leverage a volume rendering framework to learn the SDF values. To address the challenges posed by lighting variations and inconsistent appearances in satellite imagery, we incorporate a latent vector in the network architecture to encode image appearances. Furthermore, we introduce a multi-view stereo constraint to enhance surface quality. This constraint minimizes the similarity between image patches to optimize the position and orientation of the SDF surface. Experimental results demonstrate that our method achieves superior visual quality and quantitative accuracy in generating mesh models. Moreover, our approach can learn seasonal variations in satellite imagery, resulting in texture mesh models with different and consistent seasonal appearances.

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