DOI: 10.1093/bioinformatics/btad527 ISSN:

RNA 3D structure modeling by fragment assembly with small-angle X-ray scattering restraints

Grzegorz Chojnowski, Rafał Zaborowski, Marcin Magnus, Sunandan Mukherjee, Janusz M Bujnicki
  • Computational Mathematics
  • Computational Theory and Mathematics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Molecular Biology
  • Biochemistry
  • Statistics and Probability



Structure determination is a key step in the functional characterization of many non-coding RNA molecules. High-resolution RNA 3D structure determination efforts, however, are not keeping up with the pace of discovery of new non-coding RNA sequences. This increases the importance of computational approaches and low-resolution experimental data, such as from the small-angle X-ray scattering experiments. We present RNA Masonry, a computer program and a web service for a fully automated modeling of RNA 3D structures. It assemblies RNA fragments into geometrically plausible models that meet user-provided secondary structure constraints, restraints on tertiary contacts, and small-angle X-ray scattering data. We illustrate the method description with detailed benchmarks and its application to structural studies of viral RNAs with SAXS restraints.

Availability and implementation

The program web server is available at The source code is available at

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