DOI: 10.3390/axioms13030186 ISSN: 2075-1680

Regularization of the Boundary Equilibrium Bifurcation in Filippov System with Rich Discontinuity Boundaries

Nanbin Cao, Yue Zhang, Xia Liu
  • Geometry and Topology
  • Logic
  • Mathematical Physics
  • Algebra and Number Theory
  • Analysis

This paper studies a particular type of planar Filippov system that consists of two discontinuity boundaries separating the phase plane into three disjoint regions with different dynamics. This type of system has wide applications in various subjects. As an illustration, a plant disease model and an avian-only model are presented, and their bifurcation scenarios are investigated. By means of the regularization approach, the blowing up method, and the singular perturbation theory, we provide a different way to analyze the dynamics of this type of Filippov system. In particular, the boundary equilibrium bifurcations of such systems are studied. As a consequence, the nonsmooth fold bifurcation becomes a saddle-node bifurcation, while the persistence bifurcation disappears after regularization.

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