DOI: 10.3390/ijms25031405 ISSN: 1422-0067

Prognostic Markers in Tyrosine Kinases Specific to Basal-like 2 Subtype of Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

Praopim Limsakul, Pongsakorn Choochuen, Thawirasm Jungrungrueang, Krit Charupanit
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Spectroscopy
  • Molecular Biology
  • General Medicine
  • Catalysis

Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), a heterogeneous and therapeutically challenging subtype, comprises over 50% of patients categorized into basal-like 1 (BL1) and basal-like 2 (BL2) intrinsic molecular subtypes. Despite their shared basal-like classification, BL2 is associated with a poor response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy and reduced relapse-free survival compared to BL1. Here, the study focused on identifying subtype-specific markers for BL2 through transcriptomic analysis of TNBC patients using RNA-seq and clinical integration. Six receptor tyrosine kinase (TK) genes, including EGFR, EPHA4, EPHB2, PDGFRA, PDGFRB, and ROR1, were identified as potential differentiators for BL2. Correlations between TK mRNA expression and TNBC prognosis, particularly EGFR, PDGFRA, and PDGFRB, revealed potential synergistic interactions in pathways related to cell survival and proliferation. Our findings also suggest promising dual markers for predicting disease prognosis. Furthermore, RT-qPCR validation demonstrated that identified BL2-specific TKs were expressed at a higher level in BL2 than in BL1 cell lines, providing insights into unique characteristics. This study advances the understanding of TNBC heterogeneity within the basal-like subtypes, which could lead to novel clinical treatment approaches and the development of targeted therapies.

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