DOI: 10.4103/bc.bc_44_23 ISSN: 2394-8108

Probucol will become a new model for treating cerebral infarction with a high risk of hemorrhage: A narrative review

Liguo Lang, Jianying Zhang, Dongju Zheng, Huanmin Gao
  • General Economics, Econometrics and Finance

Lipid-lowering agents are relevant in stroke prevention. Probucol (PU) is an antioxidative and lipid-lowering drug that has been used to treat atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases and xanthomas. The drug penetrates the core of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) particles, enhancing the activity of plasma cholesterol l ester transfer protein (CETP) and strengthening the liver scavenger receptor type I, resulting in reducing LDL-C; by increasing the activity of paraoxonase 1, upregulating the antioxidant function of high-density lipoprotein (HDL), and it decreases the serum HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C) level. This drug has been retired from the Western markets for lowering HDL-C levels and Q-interval prolongation. The latter side effect has been rarely reported and may be transient. Recent clinical evidence supports the effectiveness of PU in preventing cardiovascular events and in reducing mortality, irrespective of the reduction of HDL-C. Based on basic research and clinical studies, it appears that PU might be a valuable alternative when statins are ineffective or contraindicated, in patients at high risk of recurrence of cerebral ischemia and hemorrhage.

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