DOI: 10.4103/bc.bc_97_22 ISSN: 2394-8108

Localization of cerebral vasculopathy following bacterial meningitis: What can we learn about postinfective ischemic sequelae?

Vivig Shantha Kumar, Vignarth Shantha Kumar
  • General Economics, Econometrics and Finance

Cerebrovascular complications of bacterial meningitis account for a high incidence of mortality and postinfective neurologic sequelae. Cerebrovascular complications occurring during acute bacterial meningitis are evident from angiographic evidence demonstrating arterial occlusion and vessel wall narrowing, histopathological studies demonstrating vessel wall changes, and radiographic studies demonstrating the presence of brain infarcts. Cerebrovascular disease during bacterial meningitis has been demonstrated in of Haemophilus influenzae, Streptococcus pneumonia, Group B Streptococcus, and Mycobacterium tuberculosis models of meningitis. Despite models of bacterial meningitis showing variable patterns of cerebral vasculopathy as a contributor to different aspects of postinfectious neurological decline, very few studies describe the predominant localization of cerebral vasculopathy with different meningitis causing pathogens. Thus, this review attempts to analyze the different locations of cerebral vasculopathic changes occuring in response to different microbial pathogens and provide a pathophysiologic basis for such an observation.

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