DOI: 10.1111/phn.13294 ISSN: 0737-1209

Predisposing factors of health promotion behaviors and health literacy in adolescents: A cross‐sectional design

Sultan Ayaz‐Alkaya, Hülya Kulakçi‐Altintaş
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • General Nursing



This study was designed to measure health promotion behaviors, health literacy (HL) levels, and their predisposing factors among adolescents.


A cross‐sectional design was used.


The study was completed by 1046 students aged 11–14 years.


Data were collected via the HL for School–Aged Children Scale and the Adolescent Health Promotion Scale.


HL was significantly associated with gender, participation in sport activities, and health promotion behaviors. There was no confounding factor for HL. Adolescent health promotion behaviors were significantly associated with academic level, weight perception, participation in sport activities, and HL.


Nurses could improve communication and decision‐making skills related to health behaviors and learn how to obtain health‐related knowledge to promote the health of adolescents.

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