DOI: 10.1155/2023/4728717 ISSN:

Performance Evaluation of Bacterial Consortia from Low-Permeability Reservoir in Ordos Basin

Ziwei Bian, Zena Zhi, Xiangchun Zhang, Yiqian Qu, Lusha Wei, Hanning Wu, Yifei Wu
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Fuel Technology
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

The combination of strains of different species and genera may enhance the effects of single bacteria, surpass the tolerance upper limit, and optimize the viscosity reduction and degradation. In this study, six strains were isolated in low permeability layers of the Ordos Basin and were combined to verify the effect of the consortium strains. The selected single strains have good emulsifying and viscosity-reducing effects, but their degradation components are different. SC4561 (Bacillus cereus), SC4551 (Bacillus sp.), and H-1 (Brevibacillus sp.) form consortium A, and SC4534 (2) (Bacillus sp.), SC4542 (Bacillus licheniformis), and A-3 (Bacillus licheniformis) form consortium B. The performance of the mixed strains was evaluated by the analysis of change in emulsification rate, crude oil composition, viscosity, and the tolerance (temperature, salinity, and pH) through GC-MS, rotational rheometer, and other methods. The results showed that the temperature tolerance of the consortium strains was improved by 5-7°C. Consortium B had higher emulsibility ( E 24 was higher than 40% in average) and viscosity degradation (above 35%), and the crude oil in consortium B has almost no wall adhesion. The components of crude oil that consortia use were still diverse, including both long- and short-chain hydrocarbons. However, the proportion of long-chain n-alkanes is further reduced compared with that of single bacteria, and the highest ratio was reduced by 23.81% (B-ALL). At the same time, they also had effects on aromatic hydrocarbons with complex structures (phenanthrene and phenanthrene). This research confirms the enhanced effect of consortium bacteria on single bacteria, facilitating the implementation of microbial enhanced oil recovery technology in the future.

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