DOI: 10.1115/1.4063321 ISSN:

Consideration of Non-Ideal Detonation Regimes Influenced by Wave Modes in a Water-Cooled Rotating Detonation Engine Using OH* Chemiluminescence

Kristyn Johnson, Donald Ferguson, Justin Weber, Andrew C. Nix
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering


Although inherently unstable, existing rotating detonation combustion research supports its application in notionally steady processes resulting in greater availability compared to conventional, constant pressure combustion. Further improvements rely on a more in-depth understanding of system losses and identifying conditions which optimize device performance. The presence and proportion of ideal and non-ideal combustion regimes is compared across a variety of process conditions and wave modes. Large-scale data analysis seeks to summarize proportional heat release associated with commensal, parasitic, and detonative combustion averaged across individual traces of OH* chemiluminescent data acquired at the detonation plane. Means of regime partitioning based on the anatomy of the time-resolved OH* signal are proposed to ensure consistent analysis throughout the current and future studies concerning combustion regimes. Of particular interest is the possible influence of wave on the non-ideal combustion in relative proportion to the desired detonation. Results showed improved percent detonation with increasing significance for the following trends: decreasing equivalence ratio, increasing wave count, decreasing wave velocity, and increasing detonation time. Increased wave number, brought on by decreased equivalence ratios and wave velocities, is thought to decrease fill region surface area, and therefore, decrease non-ideal contact burning. Additional analysis is performed to consider possible trend variation due to the presence of stable galloping waves, which were found to have minimal influence on relative percent detonation values. The outcome suggests operational states which correspond to increased wave quantities for increased proportions of reactants consumed by the targeted detonative combustion regime.

More from our Archive