DOI: 10.3390/jmse11122357 ISSN: 2077-1312

Parametric Study on Mooring System Design of Submerged Floating Tunnel under Extreme Wave and Seismic Excitation

Woo Chul Chung, Chungkuk Jin, MooHyun Kim, Sewon Kim
  • Ocean Engineering
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Civil and Structural Engineering

This study proposes a mooring design strategy for a submerged floating tunnel (SFT) subject to extreme waves and earthquakes. Several critical design parameters, such as submerged depth and mooring station interval, are taken into account. As a target structure, a 700 m long SFT system with permanent stations at both ends, representing the fixed–fixed-end boundary condition, is established. To consider coupled dynamics between the tunnel and the mooring system with structural elasticity, an efficient time-domain simulation model is established. Three combinations of environmental conditions are considered: extreme wave only, extreme earthquake only, and both extreme earthquake and operating wave. First, to check the submerged-depth effect on the dynamic response of the SFT system, including mooring tension, two different submerged-depth (deep and shallow) types are simulated and analyzed. It is confirmed that the deep submerged-depth model (A-type) has an advantage under extreme wave conditions, whereas the shallow submerged-depth model (B-type) is equipped with better resistance when subject to an earthquake. Thus, the compromise submerged-depth model (C-type) is newly devised to enhance structural integrity under various environmental circumstances. Furthermore, a mooring station interval sensitivity test with the C-type is performed and demonstrates the integrity of the C-type.

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