DOI: 10.3390/buildings14030782 ISSN: 2075-5309

Optimization of the Mechanical Properties of Bolted Connections between Concrete-Filled Tubular Columns and Steel Beam with Reinforcing Rings

Zhicheng Pan, Fanjun Ma, Bing Cao, Zongyun Mo, Jing Liu, Ruoli Shi, Zhijian He
  • Building and Construction
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Architecture

To study the mechanical performance of bolted connections with different structural forms of reinforced rings, based on the results of monotonic loading tests on two bolted connections between a concrete-filled steel tubular column and a steel beam with an outer reinforcing ring, this article uses ABAQUS v.2020 software to establish a three-dimensional refined finite element analysis model of such connections using appropriate constitutive models for concrete and steel. Subsequently, the effect of the dimensions of the steel beam, reinforcing ring, and cover plate on the load-bearing properties and the failure mechanism of the connections is investigated, and the numerical model is consistent with the verification test results. Then, the numerical simulations comparing bolted exterior reinforced rings under seven different construction measures (i.e., number of bolts, stiffeners) based on a conventional welded exterior reinforced rings with rigid connections (i.e., CGJ) are standardized. The research results indicate that when four rows of bolts are introduced on exterior reinforced rings, the web of steel beam is welded with stiffeners, and the top and bottom reinforced rings are also added with stiffeners; this bolted connection with an external reinforcing ring (i.e., GZ-7) can achieve the rigidity and load-bearing capacity of a fully welded external reinforcing ring rigid connection. At the same time, the reinforcing ring plate is bolted to the flange of the steel beam, and the force transmission path at the connection is changed to avoid the brittle fracture easily caused by the welded flange joints. It is also in line with the development trend of sustainable construction of “assembly” and “disassembly”.

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