DOI: 10.3390/buildings14030779 ISSN: 2075-5309

Evaluation of Hysteretic Performance of Horizontally Placed Corrugated Steel Plate Shear Walls with Vertical Stiffeners

Ruomin Wu, Zhengping Hu, Jingzhong Tong
  • Building and Construction
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Architecture

Corrugated steel plate shear walls (CSPSWs) have been widely utilized as lateral-resistant and energy-dissipating components in multistory and high-rise buildings. To improve their buckling stability, shear resistance, and energy-dissipating capacity, stiffeners were added to the CSPSW, forming stiffened CSPSWs (SCSPSWs). Evaluating the hysteretic performances of SCSPSWs is crucial for guiding seismic design in engineering practice. In this paper, the dissipated energy values of the SCSPSWs with different parameters were calculated. Based on the obtained dissipated energy values, the elastoplastic design theory of stiffeners was established, and the evaluation of the hysteretic performance of the SCSPSWs was provided. Firstly, a finite element (FE) model for analyzing the hysteretic performance of the SCSPSWs was developed and validated against hysteretic tests of the CSPSW conducted by the authors previously. Subsequently, using the validated FE model, approximately 81 examples of SCSPSWs subjected to cyclic loads were analyzed. Hysteretic curves, skeleton curves, secant stiffness, stress distribution, and out-of-plane displacement were obtained and examined. Results indicate that increasing the bending rigidity of the vertical stiffeners and the thickness of the corrugated steel plates, as well as reducing the aspect ratio of the corrugated steel plates, is beneficial for enhancing the load-carrying capacity, stiffness, and energy dissipation capacity of the SCSPSWs. Finally, the transition rigidity ratio μ0,h was proposed to describe the hysteretic performances. When the rigidity ratio is μ = 50, dissipated energy values of the SCSPSW could achieve 95% of the corresponding maximum dissipated energy. In engineering practice, hence, it is recommended to use stiffeners with a rigidity ratio of μ ≥ μ0,h = 50 to ensure desirable energy-dissipating capacity in the SCSPSW.

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