DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.adh8619 ISSN:

OLED catheters for inner-body phototherapy: A case of type 2 diabetes mellitus improved via duodenal photobiomodulation

Jee Hoon Sim, Jinhee Kwon, Hyeonwook Chae, Su-Bon Kim, Hyunsu Cho, Woochan Lee, So Hee Kim, Chun-Won Byun, Sangin Hahn, Do Hyun Park, Seunghyup Yoo
  • Multidisciplinary

Phototherapeutics has shown promise in treating various diseases without surgical or drug interventions. However, it is challenging to use it in inner-body applications due to the limited light penetration depth through the skin. Therefore, we propose an organic light-emitting diode (OLED) catheter as an effective photobiomodulation (PBM) platform useful for tubular organs such as duodenums. A fully encapsulated highly flexible OLED is mounted over a round columnar structure, producing axially uniform illumination without local hotspots. The biocompatible and airtight OLED catheter can operate in aqueous environments for extended periods, meeting the essential requirements for inner-body medical applications. In a diabetic Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rat model, the red OLED catheter delivering 798 mJ of energy is shown to reduce hyperglycemia and insulin resistance compared to the sham group. Results are further supported by the subdued liver fibrosis, illustrating the immense potential of the OLED-catheter–based internal PBM for the treatment of type 2 diabetes and other diseases yet to be identified.

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