A Perspective on Removal of Cyanotoxins from Water Through Advanced Oxidation ProcessesShilpi Verma, Praveen Kumar, Urška Lavrenčič Štangar
This perspective discusses the challenges associated with the removal of cyanotoxins from raw water sources for drinking water treatment and the emergence of sulfate radical‐based advanced oxidation processes (SR‐AOPs) as an effective treatment technique. The advantage of SR‐AOPs is that they can be activated using a variety of methods, including heat, UV radiation, and transition metal catalysts, allowing for greater flexibility in treatment design and optimization. In addition, the byproducts of SR‐AOPs are less harmful than those generated by •OH‐AOPs, which reduces the risk of secondary contamination. SR‐AOPs generate sulfate radicals (SO4•−) that are highly selective to certain organic contaminants and have lower reactivity to background water constituents, resulting in higher efficiency and selectivity of the process. The presence of natural organic matter and transition metals in the natural water body increases the degradation efficiency of SR‐AOPs for the cyanotoxins. The bromate formation is also suppressed when the water contaminated with cyanotoxins is treated with SR‐AOPs.