DOI: 10.1002/eji.202350669 ISSN: 0014-2980

Notch signaling in adipose tissue macrophages prevents diet‐induced inflammation and metabolic dysregulation

Eleni Siouti, Maria Salagianni, Maria Manioudaki, Eleftherios Pavlos, Apostolos Klinakis, Ioanna‐Evdokia Galani, Evangelos Andreakos
  • Immunology
  • Immunology and Allergy


The importance of macrophages in adipose tissue (AT) homeostasis and inflammation is well established. However, the potential cues that regulate their function remain incompletely understood. To bridge this important gap, we sought to characterize novel pathways involved using a mouse model of diet‐induced obesity. By performing transcriptomics analysis of AT macrophages (ATMs), we found that late‐stage ATMs from high‐fat diet mice presented with perturbed Notch signaling accompanied by robust proinflammatory and metabolic changes. To explore the hypothesis that the deregulated Notch pathway contributes to the development of AT inflammation and diet‐induced obesity, we employed a genetic approach to abrogate myeloid Notch1 and Notch2 receptors. Our results revealed that the combined loss of Notch1 and Notch2 worsened obesity‐related metabolic dysregulation. Body and AT weight gain was higher, blood glucose levels increased and metabolic parameters were substantially worsened in deficient mice fed high‐fat diet. Moreover, serum insulin and leptin were elevated as were triglycerides. Molecular analysis of ATMs showed that deletion of Notch receptors escalated inflammation through the induction of an M1‐like pro‐inflammatory phenotype. Our findings thus support a protective role of myeloid Notch signaling in adipose tissue inflammation and metabolic dysregulation.

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