DOI: 10.3390/atmos14081205 ISSN: 2073-4433

Mesospheric Ozone Depletion Depending on Different Levels of Geomagnetic Disturbances and Seasons

Irina Mironova, Dmitry Grankin, Eugene Rozanov
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)

Energetic electron precipitation (EEP) into the atmosphere are considered to play an important role in the natural forcing of the ozone variability and dynamics of the middle atmosphere during magnetospheric and geomagnetic disturbances. Energetic electrons from the radiation belt spill out into the atmosphere during geomagnetic disturbances and cause additional ionization rates in the polar middle atmosphere. These rates of induced atmospheric ionization lead to the formation of radicals in ion-molecular reactions at the heights of the mesosphere with the formation of reactive compounds of odd nitrogen groups NOy and odd hydrogen groups HOx. These compounds are involved in catalytic reactions that destroy ozone. The percentage of ozone destruction can depend not only intensity of EEP but also on season where it happens. In this work, we study mesospheric ozone depletion depending on seasons and precipitating energetic electrons with energies from keV up to relativistic energies about 1 MeV, based on the NOAA POES satellites observations in 2003. For estimation ozone deplation we use a one-dimensional radiative-convective model with ion chemistry. As one of the main results, we show that, despite the intensity of EEP-induced ionization rates, polar mesospheric ozone cannot be destroyed by EEP in summer in the presence of UV radiation. In winter time, the maximum ozone depletion, at altitude of about 80 km, can reach up to 80% during strong geomagnetic disturbances. In fall and spring, the maximum ozone depletion is less intense and can reach 20% during strong geomagnetic disturbances. Linear relation of EEP induced maximum mesospheric ozone depletion depending on geomagnetic disturbances and seasons have been obtained.

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