DOI: 10.1002/jemt.24405 ISSN:

Machine perfusion preservation with hemoglobin based oxygen vesicles alleviate ultrastructural damages in porcine liver donated after cardiac death

Nur Khatijah Mohd Zin, Hiroki Bochimoto, Daisuke Kondoh, Yo Ishihara, Hiroyoshi Iwata, Tatsuya Shonaka, Hiromichi Obara, Hiromi Sakai, Hiroyuki Furukawa, Naoto Matsuno
  • Medical Laboratory Technology
  • Instrumentation
  • Histology
  • Anatomy


Midthermic machine perfusion (MMP) of post‐circulatory arrest donor liver grafts has the advantage of preserving the functional ultrastructure of hepatocytes in donor grafts. It was reported that oxygenation during MMP reduces portal venous resistance and increases bile production. The MMP with hemoglobin‐based oxygen vesicles (HbV) keeps the lower aspartate aminotransferase level (an indicator of liver injury) and maintains the functional ultrastructure of mitochondria in the hepatocytes. To evaluated differences of ultrastructural damages in donor livers between the MMP with and without HbV, porcine liver grafts after 60 min of warm ischemia were perfused at 22°C for 4 h with or without HbV, and a part of liver grafts were analyzed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and osmium‐maceration scanning electron microscopy (OM‐SEM). The remaining grafts were perfused with autologous blood at 38°C for 2 h in an isolated liver reperfusion model (IRM) that mimics the inside of the body after transplantation, and then analyzed by TEM and OM‐SEM. Hepatocytes after MMP had small round mitochondria with rod‐shaped cristae and reticulovesicular rough endoplasmic reticulum (rER) in both HbV(+) and HbV(−) livers. After IRM of HbV(+) livers, the well‐developed lamellar rER was often found in hepatocytes. Liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (LSECs) after MMP contained some large vacuolar structures containing amorphous garbage in the cytoplasm, and their size along with appearance frequency were smaller and lower, respectively, in HbV(+) livers than HbV(−). Oxygenation during the MMP by using HbV suppressed the ultrastructural damages in donor livers, in particular for the LSECs.

Research Highlights

Liver sinusoidal endothelial cells after midthermic machine perfusion had large vacuolar organelles with amorphous garbage.

Oxygenation during the perfusion made them less and smaller, ultrastructurally supporting its utility.

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