DOI: 10.1177/23969873231215629 ISSN: 2396-9873

Long-term risk-factor control and secondary prevention are insufficient after first TIA: Results from QregPV

Johan-Emil Bager, Katarina Jood, Annika Nordanstig, Tobias Andersson, Jonatan Nåtman, Per Hjerpe, Annika Rosengren, Georgios Mourtzinis
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Neurology (clinical)


Long-term risk-factor control and secondary prevention are not well characterized in patients with a first transient ischemic attack (TIA). With baseline levels as reference, we compared primary-care data on blood pressure (BP), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), smoking, and use of antihypertensives, statins and antiplatelet treatment/oral anticoagulation (APT/OAC) during 5 years after a first TIA.

Patients and methods:

Patients in QregPV, a Swedish primary-care register for the Region of Västra Götaland, with a first TIA discharge diagnosis from wards proficient in stroke care 2010 to 2012 were identified and followed up to 5 years. BP, LDL-C, smoking, use of antihypertensives, statins, APT/OAC, and achievement of target levels were calculated. We used logistic mixed-effect models to analyze the effect of follow-up over time on risk-factor control and secondary prevention treatment.


We identified 942 patients without prior cerebrovascular disease who had a first TIA. Compared to baseline, the first year of follow-up was associated with improvements in concomitant attainment of BP <140/90 mmHg, LDL-C < 2.6 mmol/L and non-smoking, which rose from 20% to 33% (OR 2.08, 95% CI 1.38–3.13), but then stagnated in years 2–5. In the first year of follow-up, 47% of patients had complete secondary prevention treatment (antihypertensives, APT/OAC and statin), but continued follow-up was associated with a yearly decrease in secondary prevention treatment (OR 0.94, 95% CI 0.94–0.98).


Risk-factor control was inadequate, leaving considerable potential for improved secondary prevention treatment after a first TIA in Swedish patients followed up to 5 years.

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