DOI: 10.2138/gselements.19.5.282 ISSN: 1811-5217

Large Igneous Provinces and the Release of Thermogenic Volatiles from Sedimentary Basins

Henrik H. Svensen, Morgan T. Jones, Tamsin A. Mather
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

Large igneous provinces (LIPs) are characterized by flood basalts and extensive magmatic plumbing systems. When sills and dykes are emplaced in sedimentary basins, the heat released can result in extensive contact metamorphism and gas generation. During the past 20 years, this process has been highlighted as potentially playing a key role in terms of proposed links between LIPs and global environmental changes. The geochemistry of the sedimentary rocks that the magma intrudes, and their potential to generate thermogenic gases such as CO2 and CH4 during heating, are critical controlling factors.

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