Vânia M. Morelli, Omri Snir, Kristian Dalsbø Hindberg, Kristian Hveem, Sigrid K. Brækkan, John-Bjarne Hansen

High microRNA-145 plasma levels are associated with decreased risk of future incident venous thromboembolism - The HUNT study

  • Cell Biology
  • Hematology
  • Immunology
  • Biochemistry

MicroRNA (miR)-145 has been reported to downregulate the expression of tissue factor and factor XI in vitro and decrease venous thrombus formation in animal models. However, the association between miR-145 and risk of future venous thromboembolism (VTE) in the general population remains unknown. We investigated the association between plasma levels of miR-145 and risk of future VTE in a case-cohort study. Incident VTE cases (n=510) and a subcohort (n=1890) were derived from the third survey of the Trøndelag Health Study (HUNT3), a population-based cohort. The expression levels of miR-145 were measured in plasma samples obtained at baseline. The study population was divided into quartiles based on miR-145 levels in the subcohort participants, and weighted Cox regression was used to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Plasma levels of miR-145 were inversely associated with VTE risk. Participants with miR-145 levels in the highest quartile had a 49% lower risk of VTE (HR 0.51, 95% CI:0.38-0.68) compared with those with miR-145 in the lowest quartile in age- and sex-adjusted analysis, and the inverse association was most pronounced for unprovoked VTE (HR 0.39, 95% CI:0.25-0.61). Risk estimates remained virtually the same after further adjustment for body mass index, cancer and arterial cardiovascular disease at baseline. In conclusion, elevated expression levels of miR-145 in plasma were associated with decreased risk of future incident VTE. The protective role of miR-145 against VTE is consistent with previous experimental data and suggests that miR-145 has the potential to be a target for VTE prevention.

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