DOI: 10.1111/cod.14357 ISSN: 0105-1873

Hand eczema in glove‐wearing patients

Aude Clément, Marie‐Christine Ferrier le Bouëdec, Marie‐Noëlle Crépy, Nadia Raison‐Peyron, Florence Tétart, Pierre Marcant, Pauline Pralong, Aude Valois, Justine Pasteur, Haudrey Assier, Claire Bernier, Marie‐Thérèse Le Cam, Florence Hacard, Audrey Nosbaum, Françoise Giordano Labadie, Cécile Morice, Camille Leleu, Brigitte Milpied, Anne‐Sophie Darrigade, Juliette Delaunay, Annick Barbaud, Florence Castelain, Evelyne Collet, Emmanuelle Amsler,
  • Dermatology
  • Immunology and Allergy



Allergic contact dermatitis to gloves is mostly induced by rubber accelerators. The European baseline series (EBS) appears insufficient to detect glove allergy. Since 2017, it is recommended to use the European rubber series (ERS) and to test the patients' own gloves.


To investigate the clinical profile of glove‐wearing patients with hand eczema (HE) and to evaluate their sensitisation profile to glove allergens and the value of testing the patients' own gloves.


We conducted a French multicentre study of patients evaluated for HE between 2018 and 2020 and tested with the EBS, the ERS and their own gloves in patch tests and semi‐open (SO) tests.


A total of 279 patients were included; 32.6% of patients had positive tests to their own gloves or to glove allergens. Almost 45% of the sensitisations to glove allergens were detected only by the ERS. Among the patients tested both in patch tests and SO tests with their own gloves with positive results, 28% had positive SO tests only. Polyvinylchloride (PVC) gloves were positive in four patients.


Our series confirms the need to test the ERS. All the patients' gloves must also be tested including PVC gloves. SO tests with gloves are useful as a complement to patch tests.

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