DOI: 10.1111/exd.14859 ISSN: 0906-6705

Dupilumab‐associated ocular adverse events are predicted by low tear break‐up time and correlate with high IL‐33 tear concentrations in patients with atopic dermatitis

A. Chiricozzi, L. Di Nardo, N. Gori, F. Antonelli, L. Pinto, G. Cuffaro, G. Piro, G. Savino, G. Tortora, K. Peris
  • Dermatology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Biochemistry


Dupilumab, blocking IL‐4 and IL‐13 signals, improves atopic dermatitis and Quality of Life but might be also associated with the occurrence of ocular adverse events (OAEs). The main objective of our prospective study was to characterize the cytokine and chemokine profile in the tear fluid of dupilumab‐treated patients with moderate‐to‐ severe atopic dermatitis and to identify biomarkers predicting the occurrence of ocular adverse events. Patients with moderate‐to‐severe AD underwent dermatological and ophthalmological evaluation at the baseline (T0) and week 16 or at the time of an eventual ocular adverse events (T1). A multiplex immunoassay measuring multiple cytokines and chemokines in the tear fluid extracted during ocular examination at both T0 and T1 was performed. Thirty‐nine patients with moderate‐to‐severe AD and treated with dupilumab were included in the study. Baseline tear fluid levels revealed a significantly higher concentration of type 2 cytokines and chemokines in AD patients than healthy controls. The occurrence of ocular adverse events during dupilumab therapy was associated with a significant increase of IL‐33 tear fluid levels and a significantly lower tear break‐up time, this latter also identified as predictive factor. Our findings suggest that the ophthalmological examination should be considered a valid support to identify patients at risk of developing OAEs and to provide their appropriate management.

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