DOI: 10.1002/vjch.202100031 ISSN: 2572-8288

Green synthesis of Ce‐doped ZnO nanoparticles using Hedyotis capitellata Leaf extract for efficient photocatalytic degradation of Methyl Orange

Yen‐Xuan Nguyen‐Hong, Thi Viet Ha Luu, Van‐Dat Doan
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This work presents a green route to synthesize single phase Ce‐doped ZnO nanoparticles using Hedyotis capitellata leaf extract (HC‐Ce@ZnO) as an effective reactant. The phase composition and crystalline nature of HC‐Ce@ZnO with various weight% Ce‐doping concentrations were examined by X‐ray diffraction (XRD) method. The organic functional groups that played the key role in the transformation of Zn2+ into ZnO were recognized by Fourier‐transform infrared spectroscopy (FT‐IR). The transmission electron microscopy (TEM) image revealed that HC‐Ce@ZnO nanoparticles were mainly spherical with the diameter of 2‐6 nm. The biosynthesized HC‐Ce@ZnO nanoparticles were then applied for the treatment of methyl orange (MO) using UV‐Vis measurement. It's been found that Ce3+ ions were easily incorporated into ZnO crystal lattice to form single crystals of Ce@ZnO. The optimal 1 %Ce‐doped ZnO nanoparticles can remove 92 % MO within 240 min under irradiation of visible light. The study on photocatalytic degradation kinetics showed that the reaction has pseudo first‐order nature with the rate constant k = 0.0133 min‐1.

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