DOI: 10.3390/polym15234583 ISSN: 2073-4360

Dynamic Behavior Modeling of Natural-Rubber/Polybutadiene-Rubber-Based Hybrid Magnetorheological Elastomer Sandwich Composite Structures

Ahobal N, Lakshmi Pathi Jakkamputi, Sakthivel Gnanasekaran, Mohanraj Thangamuthu, Jegadeeshwaran Rakkiyannan, Yogesh Jayant Bhalerao
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • General Chemistry

This study investigates the dynamic characteristics of natural rubber (NR)/polybutadiene rubber (PBR)-based hybrid magnetorheological elastomer (MRE) sandwich composite beams through numerical simulations and finite element analysis, employing Reddy’s third-order shear deformation theory. Four distinct hybrid MRE sandwich configurations were examined. The validity of finite element simulations was confirmed by comparing them with results from magnetorheological (MR)-fluid-based composites. Further, parametric analysis explored the influence of magnetic field intensity, boundary conditions, ply orientation, and core thickness on beam vibration responses. The results reveal a notable 10.4% enhancement in natural frequencies in SC4-based beams under a 600 mT magnetic field with clamped–free boundary conditions, attributed to the increased PBR content in MR elastomer cores. However, higher magnetic field intensities result in slight frequency decrements due to filler particle agglomeration. Additionally, augmenting magnetic field intensity and magnetorheological content under clamped–free conditions improves the loss factor by from 66% to 136%, presenting promising prospects for advanced applications. This research contributes to a comprehensive understanding of dynamic behavior and performance enhancement in hybrid MRE sandwich composites, with significant implications for engineering applications. Furthermore, this investigation provides valuable insights into the intricate interplay between magnetic field effects, composite architecture, and vibration response.

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