DOI: 10.1177/14777606231219641 ISSN: 1477-7606

Effect of accelerated weathering on the properties of poly(lactic acid)/poly(butylene adipate-co-terephthalate) blend and composite containing wood flour and wollastonite

Saowaroj Chuayjuljit, Thanawadee Leejarkpai, Phasawat Chaiwutthinan
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Organic Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering

The objective of the present work was to explore the effects of accelerated weathering test on properties of poly(lactic acid) (PLA)/poly(butylene adipate- co-terephthalate) (PBAT) blend and PLA)/PBAT/wood flour (WF)/wollastonite (WT) composite. The 70/30 (wt%/wt%) PLA/PBAT blend and its composite with 25 phr WF and 5 phr WT were prepared on a twin screw extruder and injection molding machine. Resulted blend and hybrid composite were exposed to accelerated weathering conditions of UV-irradiation and moisture cycles at 63°C in a laboratory Xenon Weather-Ometer chamber for various periods (250, 500, 750, and 1000 h). The alterations in the surface quality (color change), chemical structure, surface morphology, tensile properties, thermal behaviors, and thermal stability of the specimens were evaluated by spectrocolorimetry, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), universal testing machine, differential scanning calorimetry and thermogravimetric analysis, respectively. The photo- and hydrolytic degradations were found to occur during the weathering exposure time. Both blend and composite showed a continuous increase in the total color change with prolonged exposure time, which was mainly due to the degradation of PLA and wood components, especially lignin. The SEM images also confirmed their degradations by illustrating roughness, voids, and cavities on the specimen surfaces after accelerated weathering. Meanwhile, the tensile and thermal properties of both blend and composite were found to decrease. Thus, this study can be used for quality control and material certification.

More from our Archive