DOI: 10.1177/11772719231210407 ISSN: 1177-2719

Detection of Inflammatory Biomarker suPAR in COVID-19 Disease With CHORUS TRIO Instrument

Cerutti Helena, Tesi Giulia, Cartocci Alessandra, Guerranti Roberto, Silvestrini Caterina, Gori Sabrina, Bianciardi Simone, Bandini Tommaso, Brogi Alessandra, Leoncini Roberto
  • Biochemistry (medical)
  • Pharmacology
  • Molecular Medicine


Deregulation in the urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (uPA/uPAR) system is reported in many diseases where the immune system is activated. During SARS-CoV-2 infection, a rise in soluble uPAR (suPAR) levels has been detected and its concentration above 6 µg/L predicts worsening to severe respiratory failure 14 days earlier, with a positive predictive value of 85.9%, and was the prerequisite for a treatment with anakinra, a recombinant IL-1 receptor antagonist that blocks the activity of both IL-1α and IL-1β.


To compare suPAR concentrations measured by CHORUS suPAR on CHORUS TRIO instrument of DIESSE with the commercially available suPARnostic (ViroGates) ELISA assay.


A single-centre, non-pharmacological, diagnostic study was performed.


A total of 522 serum samples from patients with COVID-19 were tested for suPAR. CHORUS suPAR resulted accurate and reliable, with a high grade of specificity (97.9%), accuracy (97.3%) and sensitivity (96.9%). The median concentration of suPAR, as determined with CHORUS suPAR, was 6.8 µg/L (interquartile range 4.5-9.7) in patients with moderate disease (n = 465) and 8.5 µg/L (interquartile range 5.4-10.6) in patients with severe disease. Among patients with moderate and severe disease, 60.6% and 71.9%, respectively, reached the cut-off concentration of suPAR ⩾6 µg/L, defining their illness severity and suggesting eligibility to anakinra treatment.


CHORUS suPAR kit resulted as sensitive, specific, accurate and able to quantify suPAR concentrations in patients with moderate and severe COVID-19.

More from our Archive