Daofeng Wang, Tong Zheng, Yanwei Cao, Zhijun Zhang, Menglinqian Di, Qizhen Fu, Jianzhong Sun, Hui Zhang

Derotational distal femoral osteotomy improves subjective function and patellar tracking after medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction in recurrent patellar dislocation patients with increased femoral anteversion: A systematic review and meta‐a

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Surgery

AbstractPurposeThe purpose of this study is to systematically review and quantitatively analyse the clinical outcomes of combined derotational distal femoral osteotomy (D‐DFO) and medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction (MPFL‐R) in the treatment of recurrent patellar dislocation (RPD) with increased femoral anteversion angle (FAA).MethodsThis study was performed in line with PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta‐Analyses) and AMSTAR (Assessing the Methodological Quality Of Systematic Reviews) Guidelines. PubMed, Embase, Web of Science and Cochrane Library databases were searched to identify studies reporting clinical outcomes of combined D‐DFO and MPFL‐R in RPD patients with increased FAA. Data on patient‐reported outcome measures, radiological parameters, patellar tracking as revealed by J‐sign and complications were extracted based on the inclusion criteria. The Methodological Index for Non‐Randomized Study score was used for quality assessment. Review Manager and R statistical software were used to perform the statistical analysis.ResultsEleven studies with a total of 569 knees in 553 patients were included. Patients were predominantly female (79%). The weighted mean of FAA decreased from 33.6° to 13.0° (weighted mean difference = 20.59; p < 0.00001) after the combined procedure. Significant improvements (p < 0.00001) were identified in the Lysholm score (weighted mean: 55.5 vs. 80.4), International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) score (weighted mean: 52.8 vs. 78.6) and Kujala score (weighted mean: 54.5 vs. 80.6). The incidence of residual J‐sign ranged from 14.3% to 38.3% with an overall pooled rate of 28.2% (95% confidence interval = 22.8%–33.6%). The overall redislocation rate was 1.1%. No patients experienced surgical site infection or bone nonunion. Two studies compared the clinical outcomes of MPFL‐R with and without D‐DFO. Compared with isolated MPFL‐R, the combined procedure yielded a better Lysholm score (weighted mean: 84.9 vs. 79.3, p < 0.0001), IKDC score (weighted mean: 84.1 vs. 79.9, p = 0.001), Kujala score (weighted mean: 84.3 vs. 79.4, p < 0.0001) and a lower residual J‐sign rate (26/97 [26.8%] vs. 44/105 [41.9%], p = 0.02), respectively.ConclusionThe combination of D‐DFO and MPFL‐R led to improved clinical outcomes and a low redislocation rate in patients with RPD and increased FAA. Additional D‐DFO can achieve more favourable results in subjective function and patellar tracking than isolated MPFL‐R in the setting of excessive FAA.Level of Evidence: Level IV.

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