Sébastien Votat, Maxime Pontié, Emmanuel Jaspard, Laurent Lebrun

Crystal Violet (CV) Biodegradation Study in a Dual-Chamber Fungal Microbial Fuel Cell with Trichoderma harzianum

  • Energy (miscellaneous)
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Control and Optimization
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Building and Construction

In the present study, CV dye, known as a recalcitrant dye, was tested for bioremediation via Trichoderma harzianum in a dual-chambered MFC for the first time. Two types of carbon clothes, KIP and CSV from the Dacarb company (France), were tested as electrodes and supported for fungi growth. We first observed that 52% and 55% of the CV were removed by the MFC using KIP and CSV anodes, respectively. The incomplete removal of VC was explained by the relative toxicity of VC to T. harzianum and correlated with IC50 determined as 0.97 ± 0.28 mg L−1 at 25 °C. Furthermore, the MFC working with the KIP electrode was more efficient with a higher maximum power density of 1096 mW m−3 and was only 14.1 mW m−3 for CSV. The MFC experiments conducted on KIP without the T. harzianum biofilm exhibited significantly lower potential and power density values, which proves the electrocatalytic effect of this fungus. These results provide new insight into the development of an effective MFC system capable of direct energy generation and, at the same time, promoting the bioremediation of the persistent CV pollutant.

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