DOI: 10.1002/aocs.12806 ISSN: 0003-021X

Citral encapsulation for an antimicrobial natural powdered‐additive: Performance of wall material and drying process

Jessica Katherine Alarcón‐Moyano, María Lidia Herrera, Silvia Beatriz Matiacevich
  • Organic Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering


Citral encapsulation was analyzed by spray and freeze‐drying to obtain an antimicrobial additive in powder. Different formulations containing alginate and modified starch (Capsul®) as encapsulating agents (1% and 3% w/w, respectively) and maltodextrin as a wall material at different concentrations (varied from 1:1–1:4 Citral:Maltodextrin) were prepared. The powders were evaluated for physical and antimicrobial properties against Escherichia coli to obtain a natural antimicrobial food additive. Citral:Capsul:Maltodextrin powders obtained by spray‐drying showed the best physical properties, considering encapsulation yield (EY) (75%–80%), encapsulation efficiency (EE) (~78%), and particle size (5–10 μm), and a higher microbial inhibition at a lower additive concentration (1.5%–2% w/w), independently of maltodextrin concentration used. Powders obtained by freeze‐drying emulsions showed an EY ~70%, EE ~70%, particle sizes between 80 and 1250 μm, and a higher percentage of rehydration for antimicrobial activity (2.5%–4% w/w). An increase in maltodextrin concentration led to a decrease in %EE, an increase in particle size, and the powder concentration required to inhibit microbial growth. Therefore, the formulation 1:1:1 Citral:Capsul:Maltodextrin showed by spray‐drying showed the best characteristics to obtain a natural antimicrobial additive.

More from our Archive