DOI: 10.1002/alr.23323 ISSN: 2042-6976

ChatGPT‐4 performance in rhinology: A clinical case series

Thomas Radulesco, Alberto Maria Saibene, Justin Michel, Luigi Angelo Vaira, Jérôme R. Lechien
  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Immunology and Allergy


Chatbot Generative Pre‐trained Transformer (ChatGPT)‐4 indicated more than twice additional examinations than practitioners in the management of clinical cases in rhinology.

The consistency between ChatGPT‐4 and practitioner in the indication of additional examinations may significantly vary from one examination to another.

The ChatGPT‐4 proposed a plausible and correct primary diagnosis in 62.5% cases, while pertinent and necessary additional examinations and therapeutic regimen were indicated in 7.5%–30.0% and 7.5%–32.5% of cases, respectively.

The stability of ChatGPT‐4 responses is moderate‐to‐high. The performance of ChatGPT‐4 was not influenced by the human‐reported level of difficulty of clinical cases.

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