K.S. Abdel Halim, A.A. El-Geassy, M.I. Nasr, Mohamed Ramadan, Naglaa Fathy, Abdulaziz S. Al-Ghamdi

Characteristics and applications of iron oxide reduction processes

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • General Chemistry
  • Biotechnology

Abstract The present review handles the main characteristics of iron oxide reduction and its industrial applications. The reduction of iron oxide is the basis of all ironmaking processes, whether in a blast furnace or by direct reduction and/or direct smelting processes. The reduction characteristics of iron ores control the efficiency of any ironmaking process and the quality of the produced iron as well. Many controlling parameters should be considered when discussing the reducibility of iron ores such as equilibrium phase diagrams, reduction temperature, pressure, gas composition, and the nature of both iron ores and reducing agent. The different factors affecting the main routes of ironmaking will be highlighted in the present review to give a clear picture of each technology. Moreover, further innovations regarding the reduction of iron oxides such as the reduction by green hydrogen will be discussed.

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