Cunhao Lu, Yi Zhang, Jiayi Zhang, Weixiang Sun, Anying Xia, Mingli Zhang, Jian Chen

Indirect solution modeling of melting behavior of SiO2 based on the image processing technology

  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • General Chemical Engineering

AbstractThe utilization of tempered blast‐furnace slag through the direct fiber forming process to produce high‐value thermal insulation materials offers a dual benefit: it efficiently utilizes the latent heat in the unused slag and significantly increases the value of blast‐furnace slag utilization. However, measuring the melting properties of iron slag at high temperatures is challenging. In this study, the melting behavior of SiO2 in a high‐temperature molten pool was investigated. We employ dynamic visual data (video stream) captured via a non‐contact charge coupled device video recording system to extract SiO2 contours through image processing. The change in image centroid characteristics is used to establish a convolution function relationship, and MATLAB's traversal search algorithm determines the centroid position of SiO2. Given that SiO2 is proportionate to crucible pixels, the area of the SiO2 is calculated through pixel statistics within these contours. A new indirect method is then proposed to process image information to obtain SiO2 volume and mass at different time points. An exponential fitting yields the melting rate function of SiO2. Finally, this indirect method has been compared with shape from shading, quantitative characterization, and dimensional analysis techniques. Besides, the strengths and limitations of each method have been discussed. Our findings reveal that the indirect solution method presented here boasts straightforward calculation steps and imposes minimal image format requirements, which provides theoretical and technical support for the direct fiber forming process of blast‐furnace slag.

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