DOI: 10.1302/1358-992x.2024.2.143 ISSN: 1358-992X


G. Pattappa

The biological understanding for the disease progression osteoarthritis (OA) has uncovered specific biomarkers from either synovial fluid, articular chondrocytes or synoviocytes that can be used to diagnose the disease. Examples of these biomarkers include interleukin-1β (IL-1β) or collagen II fragments (1, 2). In parallel, isolation of chondrocytes or bone marrow derived mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) has yielded cell-based strategies that have shown long- term beneficial effects in a specific cohort of patients, specifically in traumatic cartilage lesions (2). This latter finding shows that patient stratification of OA is an important tool to both match patients for a specific treatment and to develop novel therapies, especially disease modifying drugs. In order to create disease stage specific therapies, the use of next generation analysis tools such as RNAseq and metabolomics, has the potential to decipher specific cellular and molecular endotypes. Alongside greater understanding of the clinical phenotype (e.g. imaging, pain, co- morbidities), therapies can be designed to alleviate the symptoms of OA at specific points of the disease in patients. This talk will outline the current biological understanding of OA and discuss how patient stratification could assist in the design of innovative therapies for the disease.

Acknowledgements: This presentation was supported by the COST action, CA21110 – Building an open European Network on Osteoarthritis Research (NetwOArk)

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