Ying‐Ying Xiao, Luo‐Xing Xia, Wen‐Jing Jiang, Jian‐Feng Qin, Li‐Xin Zhao, Zhan Li, Li‐Juan Huang, Ke‐Xin Li, Peng‐Jiu Yu, Li Wei, Xue‐Yan Jiang, Zhe‐Sheng Chen, Xi‐Yong Yu

Cardiopulmonary progenitors facilitate cardiac repair via exosomal transfer of miR‐27b‐3p targeting the SIK1‐CREB1 axis

  • Cell Biology
  • General Medicine

AbstractIschemic heart disease, especially myocardial infarction (MI), is one of the leading causes of death worldwide, and desperately needs effective treatments, such as cell therapy. Cardiopulmonary progenitors (CPPs) are stem cells for both heart and lung, but their repairing role in damaged heart is still unknown. Here, we obtained CPPs from E9.5 mouse embryos, maintained their stemness while expanding, and identified their characteristics by scRNA‐seq, flow cytometry, quantitative reverse transcription‐polymerase chain reaction, and differentiation assays. Moreover, we employed mouse MI model to investigate whether CPPs could repair the injured heart. Our data identified that CPPs exhibit hybrid fibroblastic, endothelial, and mesenchymal state, and they could differentiate into cell lineages within the cardiopulmonary system. Moreover, intramyocardial injection of CPPs improves cardiac function through CPPs exosomes (CPPs‐Exo) by promotion of cardiomyocytic proliferation and vascularization. To uncover the underlying mechanism, we used miRNA‐seq, bulk RNA‐seq, and bioinformatic approaches, and found the highly expressed miR‐27b‐3p in CPPs‐Exo and its target gene Sik1, which can influence the transcriptional activity of CREB1. Therefore, we postulate that CPPs facilitate cardiac repair partially through the SIK1‐CREB1 axis via exosomal miR‐27b‐3p. Our study offers a novel insight into the role of CPPs‐Exo in heart repair and highlights the potential of CPPs‐Exo as a promising therapeutic strategy for MI.

Need a simple solution for managing your BibTeX entries? Explore CiteDrive!

  • Web-based, modern reference management
  • Collaborate and share with fellow researchers
  • Integration with Overleaf
  • Comprehensive BibTeX/BibLaTeX support
  • Save articles and websites directly from your browser
  • Search for new articles from a database of tens of millions of references
Try out CiteDrive

More from our Archive